An Introduction into the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) (4 Hours)
The Clean Water Act course provides insight on the controls focused on discharges to surface water that evolved out of The Clean Harbors Act of 1899. Pollution controls were added in 1948, 1956 and 1965. In 1972, point source discharges were developed to place a theoretical limit of contaminants that bodies of water could handle. This course provides a foundation of knowledge to understand the use and need for clean water with an ever-growing demand for it.
This course examines, in-depth, the key provisions of the Clean Water Act, including technology-based requirements, effluent limitations, water quality standards, permitting, enforcement, control of polluted runoff, and resolution of interstate disputes. The course evaluates the success of the Clean Water Act in protecting and improving water quality and discusses other statutory and common law mechanisms for water pollution control. The course provides significant practice with interpretation of statutes and regulations.
The course also examines:
- Components of Clean Water Act
- Numeric and narrative water quality standards developed by states for each water
- Water Quality Standards and Water Quality Criteria
- National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
- Regulation of discharges from municipal and industrial point sources
- Technology Based Effluent Limits
- Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)
- Regulatory correction of NPDES sources by setting Water-Quality Based Effluent Limits, and
- Incentive-based non-point source corrections
- Why storm-water discharge is a concern
- Types of storm-water permits and Section 404 permits
- Which municipalities need a storm-water permit
- How storm-water and section 404 permitting requirements affect construction project
- What happens to businesses, municipalities or projects if they do not obtain proper storm-water permits and section 404 permit
Course attendees will become familiar with the history and requirements of the NPDES program and learn to determine which projects, activities, or systems require coverage under an NPDES permit. Attendees will learn:
* How to properly complete permits for submission to regulatory agencies, including preparation of SWPPP and Section 404 permit programs.
* Requirements for municipal and construction NPDES Phase II Storm-water permits.
* Who needs to apply for permits.
* Techniques for simplifying the permit preparation process.
* Descriptions of available BMP’s and when/where they should be implemented.
* Identification of key planning documentation and field implementation issues for permit writers.
After completion of the course, students will be able to:
- Identify several features common to the federal pollution control statutes that regulate the Corps. In particular, students will be able to identify the sanctions which are applicable under the pollution control statutes and the principles under which they are imposed.
- Identify major programs under the Clean Air Act and the basic requirements they impose.
- Identify when an NPDES permit is required and the basic requirements that this program imposes.
- Describe in words the potential impact of pollution on aquatic life.
- List the major types of common pollutants to surface water.
- Describe in words the impacts associated with the major types of common pollutants.
- Describe in words NPDES and how it is related to waste-water treatment plants.
- Learn the origins of the NPDES storm-water permitting programs and requirements, as well as preview any new rules.
- Learn the requirement and procedure of Section 404 Permit.
- Implement Best Management Practice in construction projects.