The Clean Water Act (CWA) (3 Hours)
The Clean Water Act course provides insight on the controls focused on discharges to surface water, which evolved out of The Clean Harbors Act of 1899. Pollution controls were added in 1948, 1956 and 1965. In 1972, point source discharges were developed to place theoretical limits of contaminants that bodies of water could handle. This course provides a foundation to help us understand the use and need for clean water with an ever-growing demand for it.
This course also examines, in depth, the key provisions of the Clean Water Act, including technology-based requirements, effluent limitations, water quality standards, permitting, enforcement, control of polluted runoff, and resolution of interstate disputes. The course evaluates the success of the Clean Water Act in protecting and improving the quality of water. It also discusses other statutory and common law mechanisms for water pollution control. The course provides significant practice with interpretation of statutes and regulations.
This course has the following major learning objectives:
- It provides students with a basic understanding of the Federal Clean Water Pollution Act.
- Equally important, the course offers insight into the implementation of clean water laws.
- It provides general information regarding the Stormwater permit program, permit and activities.
- Students will learn the scope and regulatory framework of the NPDES program.
- This course is not designed to prepare you for a career as an environmental attorney. Rather, you should leave the course with a working, general knowledge of key clean water laws and cases and more importantly, an appreciation for the way in which environmental laws develop, are implemented (or not implemented), enter the legal arena, and ultimately affect citizens, industries, state and local governments.